Cydelia Reserve

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4.3 Threatened Bird Communities

The Temperate Woodland Birds Community was listed in January 2001 as a threatened community under the Victorian Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988. This community is defined as a group of bird species characteristically and commonly found within box-ironbark, yellow box, cypress pine and other woodlands (Department of Natural Resources and Environment, 2001). The assemblage has many unique species that are totally or largely restricted to temperate woodland habitat.

The listed community does not include all of the birds occurring in these habitats, but twenty-four native woodland dependent species of which nine are also listed on Schedule 2 of the Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act. The bird community is defined by reference to the geographical area that defines its distribution, the habitat type that the taxa occur in and by the selected suite of native birds that is characteristic of and naturally restricted to this habitat (Department of Natural Resources and Environment, 2001).

This is broadly defined as the country that lies in the southeast of Victoria along the slopes and plains of the Great Dividing Range.

The species of birds included in the Temperate Woodland Birds Threatened Community are listed in Table 4. The likelihood of any of these occurring in the area has been assessed based on habitat and fauna observations during the survey and historic records within the flora and fauna database of the Department of Natural Resources and Environment.

The potential areas within this property that support the threatened Temperate Woodland Bird Community are the Damp Sands Herb-rich Woodland, Plains Grassy Woodland, Heathy Woodland and Sedgy Riparian Woodland areas. As a result this legislation must be taken into consideration when considering this development.

4.4 Table 4: Temperate Woodland Bird Species



Common name

Likely Occurrence on Property

Struthidea cinerea

Apostle Bird


Ninox connivens

Barking Owl


Melithreptus gularis

Black-chinned Honeyeater


Climacteris picumnus victoriae

Brown Treecreeper sub species victoriae


Melithreptus brevirostris pallidiceps

Brown-headed Honeyeater


Burhinus grallarius

Bush Stone Curlew


Stagonopleura guttata

Diamond Firetail


Lichenostomus fuscus

Fuscous Honeyeater


Pomatostomus temporalis

Grey-crowned Babbler


Coracina maxima

Ground Cuckoo-shrike


Melanodryas cucullata

Hooded Robin


Microeca fascinans

Jacky Winter


Glossopsitta pusilla

Little Lorikeet


Turnix varia

Painted Button-quail


Grantiella picta

Painted Honeyeater

Most likely

Petroica goodenovii

Red-capped Robin

Recorded in adjacent property

Calyptorhynchus banksii

Red-tailed Black Cockatoo


Chthonicola sagitata

Speckled Warbler

Yes* (nesting)

Polytelis swainsonii

Superb Parrot


Lathamus discolor

Swift Parrot


Neophema splendida

Turquoise Parrot


Xanthomyza phrygia

Regent Honeyeater


Gerygone fusca

Western Gerygone


Lichenostomus melanops meltoni

Yellow tufted Honeyeater sub species meltoni


* Yes = observed during survey


This property protects a rich and beautiful area of the Grampians bushland. It has not been burnt for many decades allowing the vegetation to grow to maturity with very little of the dense understorey that is promoted by regular burning. Consequently there is also a large amount of fallen timber so valuable for ground dwelling birds and animals.

The owner has agreed that all allotments should be permanently protected with Conservation Covenants with the Trust for Nature. By doing this the owner is ensuring that this wonderful area will remain in its excellent condition into the future. However under the State Planning Policy Framework, Local Government must take into account Clause 15.09 "Conservation of native flora and fauna", Clause 52.17 "Native Vegetation"-Decision Guidelines, and Clause 65.02 "Approval of and application to subdivide land" before any decision can be made about this application.

It is important that any development protects the rich ground flora and fallen timber -insensitive development ('tidying up', `cleaning up for bushfires' etc) could easily destroy these two features of the land. The nationally vulnerable Clover Glycine for example is known to have disappeared from most of its former habitat by inappropriate land management.

The large numbers of Western Grey Kangaroos, Red-necked and Swamp Wallabies will ensure that the property continues to remain in an open condition -they are effectively keeping dense regrowth from occurring. With this in mind great care will need to be taken to ensure that domestic pets (dogs etc) do not change this balance. Cats should never be allowed on any of the allotments, and rabbits, which are currently beginning to rebuild in numbers should be controlled urgently. This should be done by warren fumigating or careful warren ripping, not by 1080 poisoning as this would severely impact on the Kangaroo and Wallaby populations.

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 © Roger Riordan 2004-2019